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Giant Schnauzer, also known as Riesenschnauzer, originated in
Germany in the 1400's. Its first use was droving cattle. The
breed was first exhibited at a show in Munich in 1909. The Giant
Schnauzer is a powerful, muscular dog. Its height at the shoulders
should match its body length, giving it a square shape when
viewed in profile. It has a flat forehead, chin whiskers and
a stubby mustache.
and bold, Giant Schnauzers are excellent around children, devoted
and good-natured. This muscular and spirited breed requires
a firm experienced trainer.
Giant Schnauzer needs daily exercise and fun. Its exercise requirements
can be met with vigorous games and long hikes or walks. It can
live outside in temperate to cool climates, but it does best
when allowed to divide its time between house and yard. Its
harsh coat needs combing once or twice weekly, plus shaping
two to four times yearly. Shaping is best done by professional
scissoring and hand-stripping, but clipping is acceptable for
Official Breed Standard
The Schnauzer should be a powerfully built,
robust, sinewy, nearly square dog (length of body equal to height
at shoulders). His temperament should combine high spirits, reliability,
strength, endurance and vigour. Expression keen and attitude alert.
Correct conformation is of more importance than colour or other
purely "beauty" points.
Head and Skull:
Head strong and elongated, gradually narrowing from the ears to
the eyes and thence forward toward the tip of the nose. Upper part
of the head (occiput to the base of the forehead) moderately broad
between the ears - with flat, creaseless forehead and well muscled,
but not too strongly developed cheeks. The powerful muzzle formed
by the upper and lower jaws (base of forehead to the tip of the
nose) should end in a moderately blunt line, with bristly, stubby
moustache and chin whiskers. Ridge of the nose straight and running
almost parallel to the extension of the forehead. The nose should
be black and full. Lips tight and not overlapping. Medium stop to
Medium sized, dark, oval, set forward, with arched bushy eyebrows.
Neat and V-shaped, set high and dropping
forward to temple.
Scissor teeth, slightly overlapping from the top; with strongly
developed fangs; healthy and pure white.
Moderately long, nape strong and slightly arched, skin close to
throat, neck set cleanly on shoulders.
Shoulders flat and sloping. Forelegs straight viewed from any position.
Muscles smooth and lithe rather than prominent; bones strong, straight
and carried well down to the feet, elbows set close to the body
and pointing directly backward.
Chest moderately broad, deep, with visible strong breast bone reaching
down to at least the height of elbow and slightly rising backward
to loins. Back strong and straight, slightly higher at the shoulder
than at the hindquarters, with short well developed loins. Ribs
well sprung. Length of body equal to height from top of withers
Thighs slanting and flat, but strongly muscled. Hindlegs (upper
and lower thighs) at first vertical to the stifle, from stifle to
hock in line with the extension of the upper neck line, from hock
vertical to ground.
Short, round, extremely compact with close-arched toes (cat's paws)
dark nails and hard soles. The feet also deep or thickly padded,
Set on and carried high, customarily docked to three joints.
Hard and wiry and just short enough for smartness, clean on neck,
shoulder, ears and skull, plenty of good hard hair on front legs.
Good undercoat is essential.
All pepper and salt colours in even proportions, or pure black.
The ideal height for bitches shall be between 60 cms and 65 cms
(23.5 inches and 25.5 inches) and for dogs between 65 cms and 70
cms (25.5 inches and 27.5 inches). Any variation of more than 3
cms (1 inch) in these heights should be penalised.
Too heavy or too light; too low or high on the leg. Head too heavy
or round; creased forehead; sticking out or badly carried ears;
light eye, with yellow or light grey rings; strongly protruding
cheek-bones; flabby throatskin; undershot or overshot jaw. Muzzle
too pointed or too small. Back too long, sunken or roached; barrel
shaped ribs; slanting crupper; elbows turned out; heels turned in;
hindpart overbuilt (too steep). Toes spread open; paws long and
flat (hare). Coat too short and sleek, or too long, soft or curled.
All white, spotty, tigered or red colours. Small white breast spot
or marking is not a fault. Among other serious faults are cow-hocks,
sunken pasterns, or any weakness of joint, bone or muscular development.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.