Bearded Collie

Working

Group: Working
Size: large
Lifespan: 12-14 years
Exercise: high
Grooming: high
Trainability: medium
Watchdog ability: high
Protection ability: low
Area of Origin: Scotland
Date of Origin: 1800’s
Other Names: none
Original Function: sheep herding
History
A true working dog, the Bearded Collie traces its roots back to 16th Century Scotland. The Captain of a Polish ship arrived in Scotland to buy sheep; a local shepherd, impressed with the Captain's Polish Lowland Shepherds, offered two ewes and a ram in exchange for one male and two female dogs. These three dogs were crossed with the local Highland Collies and the result was the present-day Beardie. However, because the owners of the Bearded Collies were more concerned with the breed's ability to work and herd, the dogs were rarely shown. It wasn't until 1912 that a breed club was formed and it wasn't until 1944 that the breed was officially recognised in England. The Beardie was first introduced into New Zealand in 1972 by Mrs. Elizabeth McConnell. Because the Beardie is such an active dog, it prefers its family to be an active, outdoors one.
 
Temperament
Described as exuberant, happy go lucky and affectionate, the Bearded Collie is a natural herder and sometimes a barker, but they do not make good watchdogs. Beardies should not be left alone with nothing to do. Male Beardies are more outgoing than females.
 
Upkeep
This active dog needs a good jog, a very long walk or a vigorous play session every day. It especially enjoys herding. The Beardie can live outside in cool climates, but it is happier when allowed access to the house with its family. Its long coat needs brushing or combing every other day.


Official Breed Standard

CHARACTERISTICS:
The Bearded Collie should be alert, lively, self-confident and active. The temperament should be that of a steady intelligent working dog, with no signs of nervousness or aggression.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
A lean active dog, longer than it is high in an approximate proportion of 5-4, measured from point of chest to point of buttock. Bitches may be slightly longer. The breed, though strongly made, should show plenty of daylight under the body and should not look too heavy. A bright, enquiring expression is a distinctive feature of the breed.

Head and Skull:
The head should be in proportion to the size of the dog. The skull broad and flat and square, the distance between stop and occiput being equal to the width between the orifices of the ears. The muzzle strong and equal in length to the distance between the stop and the occiput, the whole effect being that of a dog with strength of muzzle and plenty of brain room. The stop should be moderate. The nose large and square, generally black but normally following the coat colour in blues and browns. The nose and lips should be of solid colour without spots or patches. Pigmentation of lips and eyerims should follow nose colour.

Eyes:
The eyes should tone with coat in colour, be set widely apart and be large, soft and affectionate, but not protruding. The eyebrows arched up and forward but not so long as to obscure the eyes.

Ears:
The ears of medium size and drooping. When the dog is alert, the ears should lift at the base level with, but not above, the top of the skull, increasing the apparent breadth of the skull.

Mouth:
The teeth large and white, the incisors of the lower jaw fitting tightly behind those of the upper jaw. However, a pincer bite is acceptable.

Neck:
Moderate length, muscular and slightly arched.

Forequarters:
The shoulders should slope well back: a line drawn through the centre of the shoulder blade should form a right angle (90 degrees) with the humerus. The shoulder blades at the withers should be separated only by the vertebrae but should slope outwards from there sufficiently to accommodate the desired spring of rib. Legs straight and vertical, with good bone and covered with shaggy hair all round. Pasterns flexible without weakness.

Body:
The length of the back should come from the length of the ribcage and not that of the loin. The back level and ribs well-sprung but not barrelled. The loins should be strong and the chest deep, giving plenty of heart and lung room.

Hindquarters:
Well-muscled with good second thighs, well-bent stifles and low hocks. The lower leg should fall at a right angle to the ground and, in normal stance, should be just behind a line vertically below the point of the buttock.

Feet:
Oval in shape with the soles well-padded. The toes arched and close together, well covered with hair, including between the pads.

Gait:
Movement should be supple, smooth and long reaching, covering the ground with the minimum of effort.

Tail:
Set low, without kink or twist, and long enough for the end of the bone to reach at least the point of the hock. Carried low with an upward swirl at the tip whilst standing or walking, but may be extended at speed. Never carried over the back. Covered with abundant hair.

Coat:
Double with the undercoat soft, furry and close. Outercoat flat, harsh, strong and shaggy, free from woolliness and curl, though a slight wave is permissible. Length and density of the hair should be sufficient to provide a protective coat and to enhance the shape of the dog, but not enough to obscure the natural lines of the body. The coat must not be trimmed in any way. On the head, the bridge of the nose should be sparsely covered with hair which is slightly longer on the side just to cover the lips. From the cheeks, the lower lips and under the chin, the coat should increase in length towards the chest, forming the typical beard.

Colour:
Slate grey, reddish fawn, black, blue, all shades of grey, brown and sandy, with or without white markings. Never merle or dapple. Where white occurs it should appear on the foreface, as a blaze on the skull, on the tip of the tail, on the chest, legs and feet and, if around the collar, the roots of the white hair should not extend behind the shoulder. White should not appear above the hocks on the outside of the hind legs. Slight tan markings are acceptable on the eyebrows, inside the ears, on the cheeks, under the root of the tail, and on the legs where white joins the main colour.

Size:
Ideal height at the shoulder: Dogs 53 - 56 cm (21-22 in).
Bitches 51 - 53 cm (20- 21 in).
Overall quality and proportions should be considered before size but excessive variation from the ideal height should be discouraged.

Faults:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault is regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Note:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


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