English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer is the oldest of our
Sporting Gundogs and the taproot from which all of our sporting
land spaniels (Clumbers excepted) have been evolved. It was originally
used for the purpose of finding and springing game for the net,
falcon or greyhound, but at the present time it is used entirely
to find, flush and retrieve game for the gun. The breed is of ancient
and pure origin and should be kept as such.
The general appearance of the modern Springer
is that of a symmetrical, compact, strong, upstanding, merry and
active dog, built for endurance and activity. He is the highest
on the leg and raciest in build of all British land spaniels.
Head and Skull:
The skull should be of medium length and
fairly broad and slightly rounded, rising from the foreface, making
a brow or stop, divided by a fluting between the eyes gradually
dying away along the forehead, towards the occiput bone, which should
not be peaked. The cheeks should be flat, that is, not rounded or
full. The foreface should be of proportionate length to the skull,
fairly broad and deep without being coarse, well chiselled below
the eyes, fairly deep and square in flew, but not exaggerated to
such an extent as would interfere with comfort when retrieving.
Nostrils well developed.
The eyes should be neither too full nor too
small but of medium size, not prominent or sunken but well set in
(not showing haw), of an alert, kind expression. A mouse-like eye
without expression is objectionable, as also is a light eye. The
colour should be dark hazel.
The ears should be lobular in shape, set
close to the head, of good length and width, but not exaggerated.
The correct set should be in line with the eye.
The jaws should be strong, with a perfect
regular and complete scissor bite, i.e., the upper teeth closely
overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
The neck should be strong and muscular, of
nice length and free from throatiness, well set in the shoulders,
nicely arched and tapering towards the head - thus giving great
activity and speed. A ewe neck is objectionable.
The forelegs should be straight and nicely
feathered, elbows set well to body and with proportionate substance
to carry the body, strong flexible pasterns.
The body should be strong and of proportionate
length, neither too long nor too short, the chest deep and well
developed with plenty of heart and lung room, well sprung ribs,
loin muscular and strong with slight arch, well coupled, thighs
broad and muscular and well developed.
The hindlegs should be well let down from
hip to hocks. Stifles and hocks moderately bent, inclining neither
inwards nor outwards. Coarseness of hocks objectionable.
Feet tight, compact and well-rounded, with
strong full pads.
The Springer's gait is strictly his own.
His forelegs should swing straight forward from the shoulder throwing
the feet well forward in an easy and free manner. His hocks should
drive well under his body, following in a line with the forelegs.
At slow movements many Springers have a pacing stride typical of
Customarily docked. The stern should be low and never carried above the level of the back, well feathered with a lively action.
The coat should be close, straight and weather
resisting without being coarse.
Any recognised land spaniel colour is acceptable,
but liver and white, black and white or either of these colours
with tan markings preferred.
Weight and Size:
The approximate height should be 51 cm (20
in) The approximate weight should be 22.7 kg (50 lb).
Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.