|Area of Origin:
|Date of Origin:
||Badger, otter, and
some evidence exists of a small, white, long-backed terrier
imported into Wales in the 15th century, the documented history
of the Sealyham begins only in the mid-1800s. The only reason
the earlier observation receives some credence is that the originator
of the breed, Capt. John Edwardes of Sealyham, was a descendant
of the family said to have imported the particular dog centuries
earlier. Regardless, Capt. Edwardes worked from 1850 to 1891
to develop the breed now known as the Sealyham Terrier. Through
crossing hounds, the Dandie Dinmont, the Basset of Flanders,
the Corgi, the West Highland Terrier, and the Wirehaired Fox
Terrier the dog we know today was created.
are loyal, loving, independent, spirited, and affectionate.
They are brave little dogs. It has been descried as "the
most beautiful union between cheerfulness and courage."
Sealyhams are not as rowdy as some of the other terrier breeds.
They are somewhat reserved with strangers, fairly independent,
and generally good with other pets, although they can get very
dog-aggressive. Sealyhams like to bark. They are a little difficult
to train but they can hunt, track and are good watchdogs. Sealyhams
are good at catching mice and rats. They are best with older
children who are considerate of dogs. Sealyhams are "pack"
dogs. They appreciate being a key part of a family and welcome
companionship with other dogs.
Sealyham's exercise needs are not too demanding, consisting
of a short to moderate walk or game session every day. If allowed
off leash, it should be in a safe area because it may tend to
follow its nose. This breed is suited for indoor life, preferably
with yard access, although it can live in an apartment. Its
wire coat needs combing two to three times weekly, plus shaping
every three months. Shaping for pets is by clipping and for
show dogs by stripping.
Official Breed Standard
Alert and fearless but of friendly disposition.
Should be that of a freely moving and active
dog, presenting a balanced picture of great substance in a small
compass. General outline oblong, not square.
Head and Skull:
The skull slightly domed and wide between
the ears. Cheek bones should not be prominent. Punishing square
jaw, powerful and long. Nose black.
Dark, deep set, oval but not small. Unpigmented
eye rims permissible.
Size medium, slightly rounded at tip and carried at side of cheek.
Teeth level and strong, with canine teeth
fitting well into each other and long for the size of the dog. A
scissor bite is preferred - viz the jaws should be strong, with
a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite - i.e. the upper teeth
closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
A level bite is permissible.
Fairly long, thick and muscular, on well-laid
Forelegs should be short, strong and as straight
as possible consistent with the chest being well let down. Point
of shoulder should be in line with point of elbow which should be
close to side of chest.
Medium length, level and flexible with ribs well sprung. Chest broad
and deep, well let down between forelegs.
Notably powerful for size of dog. Thighs
deep and muscular with well bent stifle. Hocks strong, well bent
and parallel to each other.
Round and catlike with thick pads. Feet pointing
Brisk and vigorous with plenty of drive.
Customarily docked. Set in line with back and carried erect.
Quarters should protrude beyond set of tail.
Long, hard and wiry topcoat with weather
All white, or white with lemon, brown or
badger pied markings on head and ears. Much black and heavy ticking
Weight and Size:
Ideal weight: Dogs about 9 kg (20 lb); Bitches
about 8.1 kg (18 lb). Height should not exceed 30.4 cm (12 in) at
the shoulder. General conformation, overall balance, type and substance
are the main criteria.
Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.