Dandie Dinmont Terrier
|Area of Origin:
||border of Scotland
|Date of Origin:
||otter and badger
Dandie Dinmont is an old terrier breed from the border area
between England and Scotland. It was probably developed from
the now extinct Scotch Terrier (not to be confused with today's
Scottish Terrier), and the Skye Terrier. Raised mainly by gypsies
and used by farmers to kill vermin, the Dandie Dinmont was named
after the character in the famous novel "Guy Mannering"
by Sir Walter Scott back in the 1800's. They still retain their
talents for catching vermin. The Dandie has also been used for
hunting rabbit, otter and badger. By instinct it has always
been a great Mouse catcher. And it is an enemy of martens, weasels,
and skunks. An amusing-looking dog (long body, very short legs,
toupee on the head); it has become a most sought-after companion
Dinmont Terriers hate being babied and would rather be
treated as though they were regular sized dogs. Plucky and fun
loving, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier can be stubborn and does
not like to be obedience trained. This little dog has a big
bark for its size and is protective of the family home. Dandie
Dinmont Terriers may not do well with other pets unless raised
with them from puppyhood. This breed is highly independent and
may be reserved with strangers.
Dandie enjoys the chance to hunt around and explore in a safe
area and needs a moderate walk to stay in condition. It does
best as an indoor/outdoor dog, and should sleep inside. Its
coat needs combing twice weekly, plus regular scissoring and
shaping. Shaping for show dogs is done on an almost continual
(but light) basis; that for pets can be done by stripping or
clipping about four times a year.
Official Breed Standard
Head and Skull:
Head strongly made and large, not out of
proportion to the dog's size, the muscles showing extraordinary
development, more especially the maxillary. Skull broad between
the ears, getting gradually less towards the eye and measuring about
the same from the inner corner of the eye to back of skull as it
does from ear to ear. The forehead well domed. The head is covered
with very soft silky hair which should not be confined to a mere
top-knot and the lighter in colour and silkier it is the better.
The cheeks, starting from the ears proportionately with the skull,
have a gradual taper towards the muzzle, which is deep and strongly
made, and measures about 7.6 cm (3 in) in length, or in proportion
to skull as tee is to five. The muzzle is covered with hair of a
little darker shade than top-knot and of the same texture as the
feather of the forelegs. The top of the muzzle is generally bare
for about 2.5 cm (1 in) from the back part of the nose, the bareness
coming to a point towards the eye, and being about 2.5 cm (1 in)
broad at the nose. The nose black.
Set wide apart, large, full, round but not
protruding, bright, expressive of great determination, intelligence
and dignity, set low and prominent in front of the head. Colour
a rich dark hazel.
Pendulous, set well back, wide apart and
low on the skull, hanging close to the cheek, with a very slight
projection at the base, broad at the junction of the head and tapering
almost to a point, the fore part of the ear coming almost straight
down from its junction with the head to the tip. They shall harmonise
in colour with the body colour. In the case of a pepper dog they
are covered with a soft, straight, dark hair (in some cases almost
black). In the case of a mustard dog, the hair should be mustard
in colour, a shade darker than the body, but not black. All should
have a thin feather of light hair starting about 5 cm (2 in) from
the tip and of nearly the same colour and texture as the top-knot,
which gives the ear the appearance of a distinct point. The animal
is often one or two years old before the feather is shown. The cartilage
and skin of the ear should not be thick, but very thin. Length of
ear from 7.6 to 10.1 cm (3 to 4 in).
The inside of the mouth should be black or
dark coloured. The teeth very strong, especially the canine, which
are of extraordinary size for such a small dog. The canines fit
well into each other, so as to give the greatest available holding
and punishing power. The teeth are level in front, the upper ones
very slightly overlapping the under ones. Undershot or overshot
mouths are equally objectionable.
Very muscular, well developed and strong,
showing great power of resistance, being well set into the shoulders.
The forelegs short, with immense muscular
development and bone, set wide apart and chest coming well down
between them. Bandy legs are objectionable. The hair on the forelegs
of a pepper dog should be tan, varying according to the body colour
from a rich tan to a pale fawn; of a mustard dog they are of a darker
shade than its head, which is a creamy white. In both colours there
is a nice feather about 5 cm (2 in) long, rather lighter in colour
than the hair on the fore part of the leg.
Long, strong and flexible; ribs well sprung
and round, chest well developed and let well down between the forelegs;
the back rather low at the shoulders having a slight downward curve
and a corresponding arch over the loins, with a very slight gradual
drop from top of loin to root of tail; both sides of backbone well
supplied with muscles.
The hind legs are a little longer than the
fore ones, and are set rather wide apart, but not spread out in
an unnatural manner; the thighs are well developed and the hair
of the same colour and texture as the fore ones but having no feather
or dew claws.
Flat feet are objectionable. The whole claws
should be dark, but the claws of all vary in shade according to
the colour of the dog's body. The feet of a pepper dog should be
tan, varying according to the body colour from a rich tan to a pale
fawn; of a mustard dog they are a darker shade than its head. Hind
feet should be much smaller than the fore feet.
Rather short, say from 20.3 to 25.4 cm (8
to 10 in), and covered on the upper side with wiry hair of a darker
colour than that of the body, the hair on the under side being lighter
in colour and not so wiry, with a nice feather about 5 cm (2 in)
long, getting shorter as it nears the tip; rather thick at the root,
getting thicker for about 10.1 cm (4 in), then tapering off to a
point It should not be twisted or curled in any way, but should
come up with a curve like a scimitar, the, tip when excited, being
in a perpendicular line with the root of the tail. It should neither
be set too high nor too low. When not excited it is carried gaily
and a little above the level of the body.
Strong straight impulsion from rear giving
a fluent free and easy stride reaching forward at the front. A stiff,
stilted hopping or weaving gait are faults to be penalised.
This is a very important point. The hair
should be about 5 cm (2 in) long; that from the skull to root of
tail a mixture of hardish and soft hair, which gives a sort of crisp
feel to the hand. The hard should not be wiry; the coat is what
is termed pily or pencilled. The hair on the under part of the body
is lighter in colour and softer than that on the top. The skin on
the belly accords with the colour of the dog.
The colour is pepper or mustard. The pepper
ranges from a dark bluish-black to a light silvery-grey, the intermediate
shades being preferred, the body colour coming well down the shoulder
and hips, gradually merging into the leg colour. The mustards vary
from a reddish-brown to a pale fawn, the head being a creamy-white,
the legs and feet of a shade darker than the head. The claws are
dark as in other colours. (Nearly all Dandie Dinmont Terriers have
some white on the chest and some have white claws). White feet are
Weight and Size:
The height should be from 20.3 to 27.9 cm
(8 to 11 in) at the top of shoulder. Length from top of shoulder
to root of tail should not be more than twice the dog's height,
but, preferably, 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) less. The ideal weight
as near 8.1 kg (18 lbs) as possible. This weight is for dogs in
good working order.
Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.