|Area of Origin:
|Date of Origin:
||Reh Pinscher, Zwergpinscher
Miniature Pinscher is not related to the Doberman Pinscher,
and is in fact an older breed than the Doberman. Developed in
Germany from terrier breeds, including the German Pinscher,
the Miniature Pinscher's original use was in hunting rats to
keep the population down in the stables that it frequented.
Italian Greyhound blood may have been added to produce such
a tiny, high stepping-dog. These little German spitfires were
developed into a distinct breed, the Reh Pinscher in the early
1800s, so named because of their resemblance to the small red
German roe (reh) deer. The word "Pinscher" means "terrier"
in German. Today the Min Pin's high spirit and bright personality
make him a charming companion. Some of the Miniature Pinscher's
talents are competitive obedience, watchdogging, and agility.
Miniature Pinscher is one of the most energetic breeds. Playful
and brave, the Miniature Pinscher is described as a "big
dog in a little dog's body." Min Pins may be agressive,
but they are generally good with children and other house pets.
Min Pin needs lots of activity. Because of its small size, its
exercise needs can be met indoors or out; regardless, it needs
several play sessions every day. It enjoys a romp outdoors in
a safe area, but it hates the cold. This is not a breed to live
outdoors. Its coat is virtually carefree, requiring only occasional
brushing to remove dead hair.
Official Breed Standard
The Miniature Pinscher is structurally a
well balanced, sturdy, compact, elegant, short-coupled, smooth-coated
toy dog. He is naturally well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert.
The natural characteristic traits which identify him from other
toy dogs are his precise Hackney gait, his fearless animation, complete
self-possession and his spirited presence.
Head and Skull:
Rather more elongated than short and round.
Narrow and without conspicuous cheek formation. In correct proportion
to the body. The skull should appear flat when viewed from the front.
The muzzle must be rather strong and proportionate to the skull.
The nose well formed, black only with the exception of livers and
blues, which may have a self-coloured nose.
Fitting well into the face. Neither too full
nor round, neither too little nor slanting. Black or nearly black.
Must be set on high, as small as possible,
erect or dropped.
Strong yet graceful. Slightly arched. Well
fitted into the shoulders. Free from throatiness.
Forechest well developed and full, moderately
broad, shoulders clean, sloping with moderate angulation. Co-ordinated
to permit the true action of the Hackney pony.
To be square, back line straight, sloping
slightly towards the rear. Belly moderately tucked up. Ribs well
sprung, deep rather than barrelled. Viewed from the top slightly
Should be parallel to each other and wide
enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. The hindquarters
should be well developed and muscular with a good sweep of stifle
and their hocks turning neither in nor out.
Legs straight, medium bone. Feet cat-like,
elbows close to body. Nails dark.
A continuation of the top-line carried a
little high and customarily docked short.
Smooth, hard and short. Straight and lustrous.
Closely adhering to and uniformly covering the body.
Black, blue, chocolate with sharply defined
tan markings on checks, lips, lower jaw, throat, twin spots above
eyes and chest, lower half of fore-legs, inside of hind-legs and
vent region, lower portion of hocks and feet. All the above colours
should have black pencilling on toes with no thumb marks. Solid
red of various shades. Slight white on chest is permissible but
The height is to range from 25.5 to 30.5
cm. (10-12 inches) at the withers.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.